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Horse Racing Terms Follow And Down The Stretch They Come online: VideoRacing Explained - The Races
This is called breakage and it will usually be given to the track, taken as commission or paid out to the government as an extra tax.
Breakdown: Every now and then a horse will get an injury and break down. Sometimes the jockey will ease back to give the horse a breather so that they can come home even stronger and take the lead when it matters.
Breeder: A breeder is a person who organises breeding between two horses and the owner of the dam when the foal is born.
Breeze: A jockey will sometimes run a horse at a moderate pace; this is known as a breeze. Bucked Shins: Some horses get inflamed muscles at the front of their cannon bone.
This injury is usually more prevalent in young horses who are still relatively new to racing. Bullet: Trainers will often time a horse on repeated efforts over the same distance in training.
The best time they achieve over this distance is known as a bullet. This specific type of training is known as bullet work.
Bull Ring: A much shorter track than the standard is known as a bull ring. Call: The position of horses at any point in a race is known as the call.
Caller: As I mentioned above, this is the person who commentates the race and lets everyone know the call.
Checked: Sometimes in a race a jockey must suddenly stop their horse or move them to avoid a collision or being seriously disadvantaged in the race. This is known as being checked.
Chute: Quite often a race track will have a large straight section that goes outside the main track at the start of the front straight.
Clerk of the Scales: This is the person who ensures that all horses carry the correct handicapped weight in a race. They will weigh jockeys and their gear both before and after races to ensure compliance.
Climbing: Trainers will always be on the lookout for climbing, which is a natural fault in the way a horse runs.
Clocker: The official or officials, who time the race, and sometimes training runs on non-race days, is known as the clocker.
This type of horse is known as a closer. Clubhouse Turn: The turn on the race track that is closest to the clubhouse is funnily enough, the clubhouse turn.
Colours: Also, referred to as silks, these are the silk tops and colors that a jockey wears in a race. Usually they are relevant to the owners of the horse.
Daily Double: A bet which is placed on two races in a row at the one track is a daily double. At some events a late double may also be offered which is another form of this bet but on later races.
Dead: One of the main ratings used to describe track conditions. Declared: This has a few meanings depending upon where you are in the world.
In the United States, it simply means a horse is scratched from the race. In the United Kingdom and Europe, it means quite the opposite, that a horse is confirmed to run in a race.
Exacta: A bet on the first and second place horses in the race is known as an exacta. Carpet - UK slang for Odds of 3 to 1 also known as 'Tres' or 'Gimmel'.
Caulk - Projection on the bottom of a shoe to give the horse better traction, especially on a wet track. Chalk - Wagering favorite in a race.
Dates from the days when on-track bookmakers would write current odds on a chalkboard. Chalk Player - Bettor who wagers on favorites.
Chase - See 'Steeplechase'. Checked - A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters.
Chute - Extension of the backstretch or homestretch to allow a longer straight run. Client US - Purchaser of betting information from horseman or other tipster.
Close US - Final odds on a horse e. Confusingly equates to 'Starting Price' in the UK. Closer - A horse that runs best in the latter part of the race closing race , coming from off the pace.
Co-Favorites - Where three or more competitors share the status as favorite. Colors Colours - Racing silks, the jacket and cap worn by jockeys.
Silks can be generic and provided by the track or specific to one owner. Colt - An ungelded entire male horse four-years-old or younger.
Conditional Jockey - Same as 'Apprentice' but also allowed to jump. Correct Weight - Horses are allocated a weight to carry that is checked before and, for at least the placegetters, after a race.
Correct weight must be signaled before bets can be paid out. Daily Double - Type of wager calling for the selection of winners of two consecutive races, usually the first and second.
See 'Late Double'. Daily Racing Form - A daily newspaper containing racing information including news, past performance data and handicapping. Daily Triple - A wager where the bettor must select the winner of three consecutive races.
Dead Heat - A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race. Dead Track - Racing surface lacking resiliency.
Declaration Of Weights - The publication of weights allocated to each horse nominated for a race by the handicapper.
Declared - In the United States, a horse withdrawn from a stakes race in advance of scratch time. In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race.
Deductions - When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse.
Derby - A stakes event for three-year-olds. Distanced - Well beaten, finishing a long distance behind the winner. Dog US - The underdog in any betting proposition.
Dog Player US - A bettor who mainly wagers on the underdog. Double - Selecting the winners in two specific races.
Double Carpet - UK slang for Odds of 33 to 1, based on 'Carpet'. Draw - Refers to a horse's placing in the starting stalls.
For flat racing only. Stall numbers are drawn at random. Drift - Also, Ease Odds that 'Lengthen', are said to have drifted, or be 'On The Drift'.
Driving - Strong urging by rider. Dual Forecast - A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first two to finish in either order.
Back to Top. An each way bet is when you have the same amount on the horse for a win and for a place. Bookmakers will give you one quarter of the win odds for a place in fields of eight or more and one third of the win odds in fields of six or seven horses.
Each Way Double - Two separate bets of a win double and a place double. Each Way Single - Two bets. The first is for the selection to win; the second for it to be placed each way.
Eclipse Award - Thoroughbred racing's year-end awards, honoring the top horses in 11 separate categories. Enclosure - The area where the Runners gather for viewing before and after the race.
Equibase Company - A partnership between The Jockey Club and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations to establish and maintain an industry-owned, central database of racing records.
Equibase past-performance information is used in track programs across North America. Evenly - Neither gaining nor losing position or distance during a race.
Even Money Bet or Evens - A bet. Exacta - Also, Perfecta A wager that picks the first two finishers in a race in the exact order of finish.
Straight Forecast in the UK. Exacta Box - A wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are covered. Exotic wager - Any wager other than win, place or show.
Exposure - The amount of money one actually stands to lose on a game or race. Extended - Forced to run at top speed. False Favorite - A horse that is a race favorite despite being outclassed by others.
Faltered - A horse that was in contention early in the race but drops back in the late stages. Fast track - Optimum condition for a dirt track that is dry, even, resilient and fast.
Favorite - The most popular horse in a race, which is quoted at the lowest odds because it is deemed to have the best chance of winning the race.
Feature Races - Top races. Fence - The inside fence is the inside running rail around the race track, while the outside fence is the outside running rail.
Field - 1 All the runners in a race. This is known as favorite vs the field betting and is common in horse and golf betting. Field Horse - Two or more starters running as a single betting unit, when there are more entrants than positions on the totalisator board can accommodate.
Filly - Female horse four-years-old or younger. Firm track - A condition of a turf course corresponding to fast on a dirt track. A firm, resilient surface.
First Up - The first run a horse has in a new campaign or preparation. Fixed Odds - Your dividend is fixed at the odds when you placed your bet.
Fixture - See 'Meeting'. Flag - A bet consisting of 23 bets a 'Yankee' plus 6 'Single Stakes About' bets in pairs on 4 selections in different event.
Flash US - Change of odds information on tote board. Flat race - Contested on level ground as opposed to a steeplechase. Flatten Out - When a horse drops his head almost in a straight line with his body, generally from exhaustion.
Foal - A baby horse, usually refers to either a male or female horse from birth to January 1st of the following year.
Fold - When preceded by a number, a fold indicates the number of selections in an accumulator e. Forecast - A wager that involves correctly predicting the 1st and 2nd for a particular event.
This bet can be straight, reversed or permed. USA, Perfecta or Exacta. Form - Statistics of previous performance and comment as to the expected current performance of a runner, useful in deciding which runner to bet on.
Form Player - A bettor who makes selections from past-performance records. Front-runner - A horse whose running style is to attempt to get on or near the lead at the start of the race and stay there as long as possible.
Frozen track - A condition of a racetrack where any moisture present is frozen. Full Cover - All the doubles, trebles and accumulators involved in a given number of selections.
Furlong - One-eighth of a mile or yards or feet approx. Futures - Also, Ante Post Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event.
Gait - Harness horses are divided into two distinct groups, pacers or trotters, depending on their gait when racing.
The gait is the manner in that a horse moves its legs when running. The pacer is a horse with a lateral gait, whereas a trotter or square-gaiter has a diagonal gait.
Gate - Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from. Gelding - A male horse that has been castrated.
One of two racing codes, the other being Flat. National Hunt racing is best known in Britain and Ireland. They can help prevent the horse from getting its tongue over the bit which can obstruct its breathing.
A race for horses who are in their first season in that code of racing. Can have age specific conditions, particularly on the Flat. A close race finish, requiring the raceday judge to consult a photo before declaring the winner or a dead-heat.
A photo can also help determine the placings behind the winner. A horse who is keen during a race and wants to go faster than its jockey is allowing.
Often described as pulling for its head. A programme giving information about the races scheduled during a race meeting and the horses set to run in them.
A phrase frequently used by race commentators or in post-race comments referring to a horse who finished strongly during the closing stages.
To win the Flat Triple Crown in Britain, a horse must win either the 2, or 1, Guineas, either the Derby or the Oaks, and the St Leger.
There is a staying chasers Triple Crown for jumps horses consisting of the Betfair Chase, the King George VI Chase and the Gold Cup.
A visor differs from blinkers as it has a small slit in the eye cups. Every horse in a race has to carry a certain amount of weight.
To ensure it does, all jockeys must weight out both before and after a race. Guide to Racing. Racing Term. The status of a race or racecourse described as closed, usually as a result of bad weather.
The age of a horse. A synthetic racing surface usually made from sand, which generally is not affected by the weather. The deduction in the weight a horse must carry.
A horse not fit or fully developed. Bridge jumper: A bettor that places large bets in the Place or Show pools on odds-on favorites.
Broodmare dam: A mare that produces female progeny that are used for breeding. Broodmare sire: A male horse that produces female progeny that are used for breeding.
Bull Ring: A small track where the oval is generally less than one mile and, thus, has very tight turns.
Buy the race: Using every single horse running in a specific race in an exotic wager. For example, if a player buys a Daily Double ticket for the 1 st and 2 nd race that is 8 with ALL, the bettor will have "bought" the second race.
Carryover: Usually refers to money in the parimutuel pool for a Pick Six wager that is left over after a sequence fails to have a single player select all of the winners.
For example, if there are no winning tickets for a Pick Six on a Friday at a track, the money left in the pool minus the track take is a considered a carryover and will be added to the pool for Saturday's Pick Six.
Successive carryovers can lead to very large Pick Six pools. Claiming Race: A race where each horse in the field has a price and can be purchased by any person that makes a valid claim prior to the running of the race.
Conditions: The circumstances under which a race will be run, such as: surface, distance, purse, and eligibilities.
A payout, typically in a Pick Six, where players without a full winning ticket still receive money. For example, a player that hits 5-of-6 races in the Pick 6 will typically collect a small consolation payout.
Consolations are generally much smaller than the full payout. Daily Double: A wager in which the player attempts to pick the winner of two sequential races with a single ticket.
Dark: A day in which a track is not featuring live racing. Dog: A cone or other obstruction placed a specified distance from the rail of the turf course to keep horses from damaging that portion of the grass.
Exacta: A bet in which the player attempts to pick the 1 st and 2 nd place horse on one ticket. Form: The current condition of a horse; may also refer to The Daily Racing Form publication.
Fractions: Clocking at quarter-mile increments in either a race or a workout. Short Price Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay.
Show Third position at the finish. Show Bet Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better. Shut Out US - What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes.
Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score. Silks See 'Colors'. Simulcast A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.
Single A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet. Single Stakes About or SSA - A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections 1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed.
Sire Father of a horse. Six-Dollar Combine US - An across-the-board bet in racing. Sloppy track - A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom.
Slow track - A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Smart Money Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves.
Soft track - Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it.
Spell The resting period between preparations or racing. Sportsbook The person, shop or website who accepts bets.
Spot Play US - Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks. Sprint Short race, less than one mile.
Stake The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner eg. Stakes The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet. Stakes-Placed Finished second or third in a stakes race.
Stakes Horse A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races. Stallion A male horse used for breeding.
Standing Start In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.
Starter The person responsible for starting a race. Starting Gate Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.
Starting Price or SP - An estimation of odds available when the race starts. Starting Stalls Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison.
Stayer Also, Slayer - A horse that can race long distances. Steam When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.
Steeplechase A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Also known as a 'Chase'.
Stewards The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing.
Stewards Enquiry An enquiry by the stewards into a race. Stick Also, Bat A jockey's whip. Stickers Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks.
Stipes Another term for the Stewards. Or Stipendiary Stewards Stooper US - Those who make a living picking up discarded mutuel tickets at racetracks and cashing those that have been thrown away by mistake.
Store US - A sportsbook or a bookie. Straight Betting to win only. Straight Forecast UK - A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order.
See 'Exacta'. Straight Six A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races. Strapper Also known as an attendant.
A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment. Stretch home-Stretch - Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish.
Stretch Runner Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race. Stretch Turn Bend of track into homestretch.
Stud 1 Male horse used for breeding. Superfecta A bet placed on four horses to cross the finish line in exact chosen order.
Super Yankee Alternative name for a multiple bet known as Canadian, a Super Yankee is a Yankee type bet with five selections instead of four.
Sure Thing A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race. Sweepstakes Type of betting whereby each horse in a race is drawn out of a hat by a particular person who pays a set amount of money for the privilege of buying a horse.
The people which chose the winner and placegetters will receive a percentage of the total money pool. System A method of betting, usually mathematically based, used by a punter or bettor to try to get an advantage.
TAB Totalisator Agency Board. The body appointed to regulate off-course betting bets made by people who are not present at the race track.
Take Takeout - Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen in the form of purses and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.
Taken Up A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters. The Jockey Club An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing.
Incorporated Feb. Thick'un A big bet. Thoroughbred A Thoroughbred is a horse whose parentage traces back to any of the three 'Founding Sires' the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb, and who has satisfied the rules and requirements of The Jockey Club and is registered in 'The American Stud Book' or in a foreign stud book recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee.
Thoroughbred Racing Associations TRA - An industry group comprised of many of the racetracks in North America. Ticket The betting slip or ticket which is received by the bettor from the bookmaker or totalisator, as proof of his or her wager.
The ticket is necessary to collect the dividends. Ticketer US - A forger of bookmakers' tickets. Tic-Tac The secret and complex sign language used by bookmakers at racecourses to indicate movements in the price of a horse.
See BBC's Tic-Tac guide. Tierce A French combination bet in which the bettor predicts the horses that will finish 1st, 2nd and 3rd.
Tips The selections chosen by an expert to bet on also known as Picks. See 'Selections'. Tipster A person who makes selections for a race, providing tips on which horses they believe will win the first three places.
Top Weight See 'High Weight'. Totalizator Totalisator - The system of betting on races an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.
Synonyms: Tote, Parimutuel. Tote Totalizator. The organisation appointed to receive bets and supply dividends in proportion to the amount of the investment.
A body in the UK set up to operate pool-betting on all racecourses. Tote Board The usually electronic totalizator display in the infield which reflects up-to-the-minute odds.
It may also show the amounts wagered in each mutuel pool as well as information such as jockey and equipment changes, etc.
Also known as the 'Board'. Tote Returns Returns from a tote pool also known as a Dividend , calculated by taking the total stake in each pool after the take out and dividing it by the number of winning tickets.
A dividend is declared to a fixed stake, for various win, place and forecast pools. Tout Person who professes to have, and sells, advance information on a race.
Also used as a verb meaning to sell or advertise. Track Condition Condition of the racetrack surface.
Slow; Fast; good; muddy; sloppy; frozen; hard; firm; soft; yielding; heavy. Track Record Fastest time for a distance at a particular track.
Trail Racing immediately behind another horse. A trail is also known as a sit. Trainer The person responsible for looking after a horse and preparing it to race.
Joint Favourites: Same as co-favourite above. Jump racing: Refers to a race over fences or hurdles. Juvenile: A two-year-old.
Maiden: Name used for a horse that is yet to win. National Hunt: Another name for races over jumps. Nursery: A handicapped race for two-year-olds and below.
Objection: Relates to a jockey making a formal complaint about another jockey. Odds on: When the price is below evens. Therefore, your winnings are less than the amount staked.
Off the Bridle: Means that a horse is not travelling well during the race. Open ditch: A fence or hurdle with a ditch in front before the jump.
Outsider: A horse that is unfancied to win.Ihre Beobachtungsliste ist voll. Öffnet die Bildergalerie Monopoly Hypothek nicht verfügbar Für diese Variante sind keine Fotos verfügbar. Für diese Rückzahlung verwenden wir dasselbe Zahlungsmittel, das Sie bei der ursprünglichen Transaktion eingesetzt haben, es sei denn, mit Ihnen wurde ausdrücklich etwas anderes vereinbart; in keinem Sinspins werden Ihnen wegen dieser Rückzahlung Entgelte berechnet.