Battleship ist ein US-amerikanischer Science-Fiction-Actionfilm aus dem Jahr Der Film entstand unter der Regie von Peter Berg und ist mit Taylor Kitsch,. „Battleship“ // Deutschland-Start: April (Kino) // August (DVD/Blu-ray). Eigentlich ist Alex Hopper (Taylor Kitsch) auf einem. Many translated example sentences containing "battleship" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.
BattleshipÜbersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für battleship im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Many translated example sentences containing "battleship" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. You sank my battleship! The official version of the classic Hasbro board game of naval combat is now on mobile! Challenge other players in Classic Mode or in.
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Hier Battleship nichts Battleship Zufall Гberlassen. - Footer mit InhaltsangabeJesco Wirthgen.
The Armistice with Germany required that most of the High Seas Fleet be disarmed and interned in a neutral port; largely because no neutral port could be found, the ships remained in British custody in Scapa Flow , Scotland.
The Treaty of Versailles specified that the ships should be handed over to the British. Instead, most of them were scuttled by their German crews on June 21, just before the signature of the peace treaty.
The treaty also limited the German Navy, and prevented Germany from building or possessing any capital ships. The inter-war period saw the battleship subjected to strict international limitations to prevent a costly arms race breaking out.
While the victors were not limited by the Treaty of Versailles, many of the major naval powers were crippled after the war. Faced with the prospect of a naval arms race against the United Kingdom and Japan, which would in turn have led to a possible Pacific war , the United States was keen to conclude the Washington Naval Treaty of This treaty limited the number and size of battleships that each major nation could possess, and required Britain to accept parity with the U.
These treaties became effectively obsolete on September 1, at the beginning of World War II , but the ship classifications that had been agreed upon still apply.
The treaties also inhibited development by imposing upper limits on the weights of ships. Designs like the projected British N3-class battleship, the first American South Dakota class , and the Japanese Kii class —all of which continued the trend to larger ships with bigger guns and thicker armor—never got off the drawing board.
Those designs which were commissioned during this period were referred to as treaty battleships. As early as , the British Admiral Percy Scott predicted that battleships would soon be made irrelevant by aircraft.
In the s, General Billy Mitchell of the United States Army Air Corps , believing that air forces had rendered navies around the world obsolete, testified in front of Congress that "1, bombardment airplanes can be built and operated for about the price of one battleship" and that a squadron of these bombers could sink a battleship, making for more efficient use of government funds.
Navy, but Mitchell was nevertheless allowed to conduct a careful series of bombing tests alongside Navy and Marine bombers. Although Mitchell had required "war-time conditions", the ships sunk were obsolete, stationary, defenseless and had no damage control.
The sinking of Ostfriesland was accomplished by violating an agreement that would have allowed Navy engineers to examine the effects of various munitions: Mitchell's airmen disregarded the rules, and sank the ship within minutes in a coordinated attack.
The stunt made headlines, and Mitchell declared, "No surface vessels can exist wherever air forces acting from land bases are able to attack them.
Moffett used public relations against Mitchell to make headway toward expansion of the U. Navy's nascent aircraft carrier program.
Among the new features were an increased tower height and stability for the optical rangefinder equipment for gunnery control , more armor especially around turrets to protect against plunging fire and aerial bombing, and additional anti-aircraft weapons.
Some British ships received a large block superstructure nicknamed the "Queen Anne's castle", such as in Queen Elizabeth and Warspite , which would be used in the new conning towers of the King George V -class fast battleships.
External bulges were added to improve both buoyancy to counteract weight increase and provide underwater protection against mines and torpedoes.
The Japanese rebuilt all of their battleships, plus their battlecruisers, with distinctive " pagoda " structures, though the Hiei received a more modern bridge tower that would influence the new Yamato class.
Bulges were fitted, including steel tube arrays to improve both underwater and vertical protection along the waterline.
The U. Radar, which was effective beyond visual range and effective in complete darkness or adverse weather, was introduced to supplement optical fire control.
Even when war threatened again in the late s, battleship construction did not regain the level of importance it had held in the years before World War I.
The "building holiday" imposed by the naval treaties meant the capacity of dockyards worldwide had shrunk, and the strategic position had changed.
In Germany , the ambitious Plan Z for naval rearmament was abandoned in favor of a strategy of submarine warfare supplemented by the use of battlecruisers and commerce raiding in particular by Bismarck -class battleships.
In Britain, the most pressing need was for air defenses and convoy escorts to safeguard the civilian population from bombing or starvation, and re-armament construction plans consisted of five ships of the King George V class.
It was in the Mediterranean that navies remained most committed to battleship warfare. France intended to build six battleships of the Dunkerque and Richelieu classes , and the Italians four Littorio -class ships.
Neither navy built significant aircraft carriers. Japan, also prioritising aircraft carriers, nevertheless began work on three mammoth Yamato s although the third, Shinano , was later completed as a carrier and a planned fourth was cancelled.
The crew aboard Jaime I remained loyal to the Republic, killed their officers, who apparently supported Franco's attempted coup, and joined the Republican Navy.
Thus each side had one battleship; however, the Republican Navy generally lacked experienced officers. The Spanish battleships mainly restricted themselves to mutual blockades, convoy escort duties, and shore bombardment, rarely in direct fighting against other surface units.
In May , Jaime I was damaged by Nationalist air attacks and a grounding incident. The ship was forced to go back to port to be repaired.
There she was again hit by several aerial bombs. It was then decided to tow the battleship to a more secure port, but during the transport she suffered an internal explosion that caused deaths and her total loss.
Several Italian and German capital ships participated in the non-intervention blockade. On May 29, , two Republican aircraft managed to bomb the German pocket battleship Deutschland outside Ibiza , causing severe damage and loss of life.
Between those two events, it had become clear that aircraft carriers were the new principal ships of the fleet and that battleships now performed a secondary role.
Battleships played a part in major engagements in Atlantic, Pacific and Mediterranean theaters; in the Atlantic, the Germans used their battleships as independent commerce raiders.
However, clashes between battleships were of little strategic importance. The Battle of the Atlantic was fought between destroyers and submarines, and most of the decisive fleet clashes of the Pacific war were determined by aircraft carriers.
In the first year of the war, armored warships defied predictions that aircraft would dominate naval warfare. Scharnhorst and Gneisenau surprised and sank the aircraft carrier Glorious off western Norway in June The fleeing French ships were then pursued by planes from aircraft carriers.
The subsequent years of the war saw many demonstrations of the maturity of the aircraft carrier as a strategic naval weapon and its potential against battleships.
The British air attack on the Italian naval base at Taranto sank one Italian battleship and damaged two more. The same Swordfish torpedo bombers played a crucial role in sinking the German battleship Bismarck.
On December 7, , the Japanese launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Within a short time, five of eight U. All three American aircraft carriers were out to sea, however, and evaded destruction.
The sinking of the British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse , demonstrated the vulnerability of a battleship to air attack while at sea without sufficient air cover, settling the argument begun by Mitchell in Both warships were under way and en route to attack the Japanese amphibious force that had invaded Malaya when they were caught by Japanese land-based bombers and torpedo bombers on December 10, At many of the early crucial battles of the Pacific, for instance Coral Sea and Midway , battleships were either absent or overshadowed as carriers launched wave after wave of planes into the attack at a range of hundreds of miles.
In later battles in the Pacific, battleships primarily performed shore bombardment in support of amphibious landings and provided anti-aircraft defense as escort for the carriers.
The last battleship confrontation in history was the Battle of Surigao Strait , on October 25, , in which a numerically and technically superior American battleship group destroyed a lesser Japanese battleship group by gunfire after it had already been devastated by destroyer torpedo attacks.
All but one of the American battleships in this confrontation had previously been sunk during the attack on Pearl Harbor and subsequently raised and repaired.
When Mississippi fired the last salvo of this battle, the last salvo fired by a battleship against another heavy ship, she was "firing a funeral salute to a finished era of naval warfare".
After World War II, several navies retained their existing battleships, but they were no longer strategically dominant military assets.
By the end of the s, smaller vessel classes such as destroyers, which formerly offered no noteworthy opposition to battleships, now were capable of eliminating battleships from outside the range of the ship's heavy guns.
The remaining battleships met a variety of ends. Both battleships proved resistant to nuclear air burst but vulnerable to underwater nuclear explosions.
The two Andrea Doria -class ships were scrapped in The United Kingdom's four surviving King George V -class ships were scrapped in ,  and Vanguard followed in Hessen was taken over by the Soviet Union and renamed Tsel.
She was scrapped in Schleswig-Holstein was renamed Borodino , and was used as a target ship until Schlesien , too, was used as a target ship. She was broken up between and The Iowa -class battleships gained a new lease of life in the U.
Navy as fire support ships. Radar and computer-controlled gunfire could be aimed with pinpoint accuracy to target.
As part of Navy Secretary John F. Lehman 's effort to build a ship Navy in the s, and in response to the commissioning of Kirov by the Soviet Union, the United States recommissioned all four Iowa -class battleships.
On several occasions, battleships were support ships in carrier battle groups , or led their own battleship battle group.
After Indiana was stricken in , the four Iowa-class ships were the only battleships in commission or reserve anywhere in the world.
There was an extended debate when the four Iowa ships were finally decommissioned in the early s.
These last two battleships were finally stricken from the U. Naval Vessel Register in Navy listed no battleships in the reserve in When the last Iowa -class ship was finally stricken from the Naval Vessel Registry , no battleships remained in service or in reserve with any navy worldwide.
A number are preserved as museum ships , either afloat or in drydock. Wisconsin now serves as a museum ship in Norfolk, Virginia.
North Carolina is on display in Wilmington, North Carolina. Alabama is on display in Mobile, Alabama. The wreck of the Arizona , sunk during the Pearl Harbor attack in , is designated a historical landmark and national gravesite.
The only other 20th-century battleship on display is the Japanese pre-dreadnought Mikasa. A replica of the ironclad battleship Dingyuan was built by the Weihai Port Bureau in and is on display in Weihai , China.
Battleships were the embodiment of sea power. For Alfred Thayer Mahan and his followers, a strong navy was vital to the success of a nation, and control of the seas was vital for the projection of force on land and overseas.
Mahan's theory, proposed in The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, — of , dictated the role of the battleship was to sweep the enemy from the seas.
This concept of "potential threat" can be further generalized to the mere existence as opposed to presence of a powerful fleet tying the opposing fleet down.
This concept came to be known as a " fleet in being "—an idle yet mighty fleet forcing others to spend time, resource and effort to actively guard against it.
Mahan was highly influential in naval and political circles throughout the age of the battleship,   calling for a large fleet of the most powerful battleships possible.
Mahan's work developed in the late s, and by the end of the s it had acquired much international influence on naval strategy;  in the end, it was adopted by many major navies notably the British, American, German, and Japanese.
The strength of Mahanian opinion was important in the development of the battleships arms races, and equally important in the agreement of the Powers to limit battleship numbers in the interwar era.
The "fleet in being" suggested battleships could simply by their existence tie down superior enemy resources.
This in turn was believed to be able to tip the balance of a conflict even without a battle. This suggested even for inferior naval powers a battleship fleet could have important strategic effect.
While the role of battleships in both World Wars reflected Mahanian doctrine, the details of battleship deployment were more complex. Unlike ships of the line , the battleships of the late 19th and early 20th centuries had significant vulnerability to torpedoes and mines—because efficient mines and torpedoes did not exist before that  —which could be used by relatively small and inexpensive craft.
By the s, the Royal Navy had developed the first destroyers , which were initially designed to intercept and drive off any attacking torpedo boats.
During the First World War and subsequently, battleships were rarely deployed without a protective screen of destroyers.
Battleship doctrine emphasised the concentration of the battlegroup. In order for this concentrated force to be able to bring its power to bear on a reluctant opponent or to avoid an encounter with a stronger enemy fleet , battlefleets needed some means of locating enemy ships beyond horizon range.
This was provided by scouting forces; at various stages battlecruisers , cruisers , destroyers, airships , submarines and aircraft were all used.
With the development of radio, direction finding and traffic analysis would come into play, as well, so even shore stations, broadly speaking, joined the battlegroup.
The North Sea campaign of the First World War illustrates how, despite this support, the threat of mine and torpedo attack, and the failure to integrate or appreciate the capabilities of new techniques,  seriously inhibited the operations of the Royal Navy Grand Fleet, the greatest battleship fleet of its time.
The presence of battleships had a great psychological and diplomatic impact. Similar to possessing nuclear weapons today, the ownership of battleships served to enhance a nation's force projection.
Even during the Cold War , the psychological impact of a battleship was significant. In , USS Missouri was dispatched to deliver the remains of the ambassador from Turkey, and her presence in Turkish and Greek waters staved off a possible Soviet thrust into the Balkan region.
Gunfire from New Jersey later killed militia leaders. Battleships were the largest and most complex, and hence the most expensive warships of their time; as a result, the value of investment in battleships has always been contested.
As the French politician Etienne Lamy wrote in , "The construction of battleships is so costly, their effectiveness so uncertain and of such short duration, that the enterprise of creating an armored fleet seems to leave fruitless the perseverance of a people".
It proposed what would nowadays be termed a sea denial strategy, based on fast, long-ranged cruisers for commerce raiding and torpedo boat flotillas to attack enemy ships attempting to blockade French ports.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Battleship disambiguation. Large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns.
Main article: Ship of the line. Main article: Ironclad warship. Main article: Pre-dreadnought battleship. See also: Dreadnought. See also: World War I naval arms race.
See also: Naval warfare of World War I. See also: List of battleships of the Second World War. Battleships portal. Steaming in the Dark?
II, pp. Less than a year later that battleship returned to service. We played battleships all day, and nobody wanted to use the phone. Size he's looking for, he must be the captain of a battleship.
Around the point, the battleship was getting her anchor up. I've seen the kind they use in some guns on the battleships.
With the first sight of the battleships , they had started. She turned away from the German battleships , but it was too late. The following morning he spent half an hour at the radio, trying to contact the battleship.
She was the only one of the four battleships in her class to survive Jeremy Renner was originally considered for the role of Hopper. He realized she could act after her appearance on Saturday Night Live.
Double amputee U. The film marks the reunion between former co-stars Kitsch and Jesse Plemons, who previously worked together on Berg's television series Friday Night Lights.
So, I wrote that whole part for Jesse. I thought of it as protection, bringing a trusted family member in. Navy sailors were used as extras in various parts of this film.
Sailors from assorted commands in Navy Region Hawaii assisted with line handling to take Missouri in and out of port for a day of shooting in mid A few months later, the production team put out a casting call for sailors stationed at various sea commands at Naval Station Mayport, Florida to serve as extras.
Due to his success with the Transformers franchise, composer Steve Jablonsky was chosen to score the official soundtrack.
The soundtrack features original compositions from Jablonsky and features rock guitarist Tom Morello from Rage Against the Machine. Director Peter Berg stated:.
Working with composers often is a really frustrating experience because you speak a different language and, oftentimes, they take two or three jobs, at the same time.
They're difficult and pretentious and they're tormented artists. I'm not going to name names, but most of them are.
One guy who isn't is Hans Zimmer , who taught Steve Jablonsky. We had a couple of meetings and I came up with this idea.
He is no drama, and just goes and gets it done. The score is big and awesome and scary and driving. At times, it's very simple and acoustic and touching and emotional.
He's the best I've ever worked with. The film was originally planned to be released in , but was rescheduled to May 18, , in the United States.
It settled in second place for its opening day and opening weekend behind Marvel's The Avengers. Metacritic has given the film an average score of 41 out of based on 39 reviews meaning "mixed or average reviews".
The site's consensus reads: "It may offer energetic escapism for less demanding filmgoers, but Battleship is too loud, poorly written, and formulaic to justify its expense -- and a lot less fun than its source material.
Many reviews criticised the "based on a board game" concept driving the film, although some, such as Jason Di Rosso from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation 's Radio National , claimed the ridiculousness of the setup is "either sheer joy or pure hell — depending on how seriously you take it", while de Semlyen "had to admire [the film's creators] jumping through hoops to engineer a sequence that replicates the board game.
Other critics were less harsh for Battleship : Writing for Time , Steven James Snyder was somewhat positive because he had low expectations of the film.
For every stretch of generic sci-fi-via-CGI moviemaking, there's a welcome bit of wit. I don't want to spoil it for you. Let's say the Greatest Generation still has the right stuff and leave it at that.
Battleship was released on 4K Blu-Ray on January 17, A video game based on the film, titled Battleship , was released on May 15, to coincide with the film's international release.
Hasbro released several new editions of the classic board game, including an update to the regular fleet-vs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Theatrical release poster. Colby Parker Jr. Billy Rich Paul Rubell. Hasbro Studios Bluegrass Films Film Release date. Running time. Steve Jablonsky.
Film Music Reporter. May 31, Retrieved June 6, Retrieved August 6, Retrieved December 27, March 27, Retrieved July 10, Aloha Update. Archived from the original on September 12, Retrieved September 13, Production Weekly.
June 3, Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved July 27, National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on July 26, Retrieved July 7, New Pacific Institute Project.